Rosacea is a skin condition that causes redness of the face, tiny red pimples, rhinophyma (enlarged red nose) and eye issues (such as swollen eyelids). Often times, rosacea is mistaken as a sunburn or acne. Anyone can be affected by rosacea, but it is most common amongst middle-aged women with light skin. While there is no cure for rosacea, there are effective treatments that can help reduce the symptoms.
There are no known causes of rosacea, but researchers believe it is due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
Factors that might trigger a flare-up include:
Hot beverages and spicy foods
Windy weather conditions
Drugs that dilate your blood vessels (ie. some high blood pressure medications)
Treatment for rosacea can be prescribed topical medications that are applied to the skin and oral drugs (pill, tablets, or capsules). These include:
Topical Medications: These medications will help reduce inflammation to the affected areas and should be applied to the skin once or twice a day.
Oral Antibiotics: Your physician or dermatologist may prescribe these in order to manage any inflammation that you may have to the affected area.
Accutane: Accutane is an oral medication that is prescribed for severe cases of inflammatory rosacea when other treatments don’t work.
When Should You See a Doctor?
If you notice persistent redness on your face, you should see your physician or a dermatologist for diagnosis and a treatment plan.